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Audiol > Volume 8(2); 2012 > Article
Audiology 2012;8(2): 149-157.
Published online: December 31, 2012.
doi: http://doi.org/10.21848/audiol.2012.8.2.149
군 전역자의 이명장애에 영향을 미치는 요인
김도연1, 김규상2, 방정화3
1한림대학교 일반대학원 언어청각학과
2안전보건공단 산업안전보건연구원
3한림국제대학원대학교 청각학과
Factors Affecting Tinnitus Handicap in Discharged Soldiers with Tinnitus
Do Yeon Kim1, Kyoo Sang Kim2, Junghwa Bahng3
1Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology, Hallym University Graduate School, Chuncheon, Korea
2Occupational Safety & Health Research Institute, KOSHA, Incheon, Korea
3Department of Audiology, Hallym University of Graduate Studies, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence  Kyoo Sang Kim ,Tel: (032) 510-0823, Fax: (032) 502-7197, Email: kobawoo@kosha.net
Received: November 3, 2012; Revised: December 4, 2012   Accepted: December 6, 2012.  Published online: December 31, 2012.
The purpose of this study was to examine the characteristics of tinnitus in soldiers discharged from military service and to analyze the main cause which influences the tinnitus handicap. For the participants, 295 victims of tinnitus acquired during military service were included. The subjects completed a structured questionnaire to investigate sociodemographic characteristics, tinnitus characteristics, the health effects of the condition, and tinnitus handicap. Tinnitus handicap was measured by Tinnitus Handicap Inventory score. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression were used to analyze the association between age, disease history, tinnitus characteristics and tinnitus handicap. Results indicated that hearing loss, otologic symptoms, the kinds, site, loudness, and health effect of tinnitus significantly related to tinnitus handicap. In the multiple logistic regression analysis, hearing loss, otologic symptoms, and loudness of tinnitus significantly affected the tinnitus handicap. The adjusted odds ratios were as follows: 4.925 (95% CI, 2.710-8.949) for those who accompanied with hearing loss, and 8.738 (95% CI 1.847-41.329) for those who have severe loudness of tinnitus compared to mild loudness of tinnitus. As tinnitus accompanying hearing loss can effect everyday life significantly, the countermeasure in reducing the exposure of the noise in military is needed.
Key Words: Hearing loss, Military, Noise, Tinnitus, Tinnitus handicap
중심단어: 군, 난청, 소음, 이명, 이명 장애
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